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Civil War

May or may not be my relative, however, this Bluford Mason is in the same Regiment, though not Company, as Thomas King (maybe brother-in-law).

Originally found name at Ancestry.com. I'm not a member, so couldn't find the record from that site, but Googled and found some info elsewhere.

My first info led me to the National Park Service: Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System
http://www.itd.nps.gov/cwss/soldiers.cfm

B.B. Mason
Regiment Name: 38 Georgia Infantry
Side: Confederate
Company: N
Soldiers Rank_In: Private
Soldiers Rank_Out: Private
Alternate Name: Bluford/Mason
Film Number: M226 roll 38

Bluford Mason
Regiment Name: 38 Georgia Infantry
Side: Confederate
Company: N
Soldiers Rank_In: Private
Soldiers Rank_Out: Private
Film Number: M226 roll 38

L. Mason
Regiment Name: 38 Georgia Infantry
Side: Confederate
Company: N
Soldiers Rank_In: Private
Soldiers Rank_Out: Private
Alternate Name: Bluford/Mason
Film Number: M226 roll 38

Thomas King
Regiment Name: 38 Georgia Infantry
Side: Confederate
Company: B
Soldiers Rank_In: Private
Soldiers Rank_Out: Private
Film Number: M226 Roll 34

(There is also a Thomas W. King listed in the 38th Regiment; Company F, which was Hart County.)

Merrill Mason
Regiment Name: 38 Georgia Infantry
Side: Confederate
Company: N
Soldiers Rank_In: Private
Soldiers Rank_Out: Private
Film Number: M226 roll 38

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Googling "38 Georgia Infantry" led me to The Civil War In Georgia
http://www.researchonline.net/gacw/unit89.htm

HISTORICAL NOTES:

    The Georgia 38th Infantry Regiment was organized near Decatur, Georgia, during the summer of 1861. It contained thirteen companies and 1,200 men. First called Wright's Legion, it served at Skidaway Island and Savannah. In May, 1862, when it was ordered to Virginia, two companies were detached and one transferred. The remaining ten were from the counties of De Kalb, Milton, Emmanuel, Oglethorpe, Hart, Jefferson, Elbert, and Dawson.

    The 38th was assigned to Lawton's, John B. Gordon's, and C.A. Evans' Brigade, Army of Northern Virginia.

FIELD OFFICERS:

    Colonels:
      George W. Lee
      James D. Matthews
      Augustus R. Wright
    Lieutenant Colonels:
      Philip E. Devant
      Lewis J. Parr
    Majors:
      Thomas H. Bomar
      John Y. Flowers

BATTLES:

    Sewell Mountain, WV
    Laurel Hill, WV
    Whitemarsh Island, GA
    Malvern Hill (July 1, 1862)
    Bristoe Station (August 27, 1862)
    Groveton (or Brawner's Farm) (August 28, 1862)
    Second Manassas (or Bull Run) (August 29-30, 1862)
    Antietam (or Sharpsburg) (September 17,1862)
    Fredericksburg (December 13, 1862)
    Chancellorsville (April 29-5, 1863)
    Wincester (2nd Battle of) (June 13-15, 1863)
    York & Wrightsville (June 28-29, 1863)
    Gettysburg (July 1-3, 1863)
    Mine Run Campaign (Skirmishes of Nov. 26-Dec 2, 1863)
    Wilderness (May 5-6, 1864)
    Spotsylvania Court House (May 10-12, 1864)
    Monocacy (July 9, 1864)
    Winchester (3rd Battle of)(or Opequon Creek) (Sept. 19, 1864)
    Fisher's Hill (September 22, 1864)
    Cedar Creek (October 19, 1864)
    Hatcher's Run (Feb. 5-7,. 1865)
    Hares Hill (Fort Steadman) (March 25, 1865)
    Appomattox Court House (April 9, 1865)

ROSTERS:

    Company A - Murphey Guards (DeKalb County)
    Company B - Milton Guards (Milton County)
    Company C - Ben Hill Guards (Emanuel and Bullock Counties)
    Company D - McCullough Rifles (DeKalb County)
    Company E - Tom Cobb Infantry (Oglethorpe County)
    Company F - Thornton Volunteers (Hart County)
    Company G - Battey Guards (Jefferson County)
    Company H - Goshen Guards (Elbert County)
    Company I - Irwin Invincibles (Henry County, Alabama); transferred to 60th Georgia in May 1862
    Company K - Bartow Avengers (DeKalb Country)
    Company L - Joe Thompson Artillery (Fulton County) (detached in May 1862 at Savannah, GA)
    Company M - Chastatee Artillery (Forsyth County)(detached in May1862 at Savannah, GA)
    Company N - Dawson Farmers (Dawson County)

BIBLIOGRAPHY:

REFERENCES:

    Compendium of Civil War Regiments 

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Googling the 38th Infantry led me to a roster list at a rootsweb site:
ftp://ftp.rootsweb.com/pub/usgenweb/ga/dawson/military/civilwar/rosters/mt26.txt
(Site seems to be no longer available)

*MUSTER ROLL OF COMPANY L, 38th REGIMENT
GEORGIA VOLUNTEER INFANTRY
EVANS' BRIGADE, GORDON'S DIVISION
WRIGHT'S LEGION
ARMY OF NORTHERN VIRGINIA
C. S. A.
DAWSON COUNTY, GEORGIA

------------------
*This company was commissioned Chestatee Artillery September 30, 1861,
by order of War Dept. and was ordered by Wright's Legion to report to
Camp Kirkpatrick, Dawson County, Ga. It was mustered into Confederate State
service as a Light Artillery Company October 9, 1861.  It was originally
designated Co. H, and was also known as New Co. N.
------------------

Mason, Bluford - private July 1, 1862. Deserted at Cold
Harbor, Va. May 6, 1864. Entered U. S. Lines at Altoona
July 26, 1864. Took oath of allegiance to U. S. Govt. at Louisville, Ky. August
3, 1864. Sent from Dept. of Cumberland to be released north of Ohio River
August 4, 1864.

Merrill Mason was also listed; I have questions as to whether he was Bluford's brother (because of the situation of Sylvia having been married to Bluford's nephew first; she was living with James H. Mason, who named his daughter Maryl J. Mason.)

Mason, Merrell - private March 4, 1862. Roll dated September 15,
1864, last on file, shows him sick at Lynchburg, Va. since June
1864.

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Some info on the Cold Harbor Battle:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Cold_Harbor


The Battle of Cold Harbor, the final battle of Union Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant's 1864 Overland Campaign during the American Civil War, is remembered as one of American history's bloodiest, most lopsided battles. Thousands of Union soldiers were slaughtered in a hopeless frontal assault against the fortified troops of Confederate General Robert E. Lee. Grant said of the battle in his memoirs "I have always regretted that the last assault at Cold Harbor was ever made. I might say the same thing of the assault of the 22d of May, 1863, at Vicksburg. At Cold Harbor no advantage whatever was gained to compensate for the heavy loss we sustained."

http://www.historyplace.com/civilwar/

May 4, 1864 - The beginning of a massive, coordinated campaign involving all the Union Armies. In Virginia, Grant with an Army of 120,000 begins advancing toward Richmond to engage Lee's Army of Northern Virginia, now numbering 64,000, beginning a war of attrition that will include major battles at the Wilderness (May 5-6), Spotsylvania (May 8-12), and Cold Harbor (June 1-3).

In the west, Sherman, with 100,000 men begins an advance toward Atlanta to engage Joseph E. Johnston's 60,000 strong Army of Tennessee.

A council of war with Gen. Grant leaning over the shoulder of Gen. Meade looking at a map, planning the Cold Harbor assault.

Cold Harbor

June 3, 1864 - A costly mistake by Grant results in 7,000 Union casualties in twenty minutes during an offensive against fortified Rebels at Cold Harbor in Virginia.

Many of the Union soldiers in the failed assault had predicted the outcome, including a dead soldier from Massachusetts whose last entry in his diary was, "June 3, 1864, Cold Harbor, Virginia. I was killed." 

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Civil War Prison in Louisville, KY

 http://www.geocities.com/Pentagon/Quarters/1864/cavehillcs.htm

   "A military prison was established in Louisville, primarily as a collection and
distribution center for prisons further north.  Until the Federal forces had moved deep
into Tennessee in late 1863, the Louisville prison was considered too near the
Confederate lines to serve as a permanent detention center, and it continued to serve
only as a half-way point throughout the war.  The only prisoners who stayed long in
Louisville were those who were too badly wounded or too sick to send further North,
along with various Southern civilian political prisoners (although some of these were
also transferred)."